Doctoral Students, Oriental Curriculum
Armando Bramanti - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXVIII
Land Management in the Early Dynastic Umma Region
The dissertation investigates the history and administration of the southern Mesopotamian region of Umma at the end of Early Dynastic times (ca. 2450-2340 BCE), with a focus on the reign of Lugalzagesi, the last Sumerian ruler before Sargon of Akkad. The administrative mechanisms connected to the management of fields and grains in the territory of Umma will be analyzed in light of more than one thousand administrative records, with particular attention to the historical geography of the region. The work will also feature a (re-)edition of the so-called archive of Lugalzagesi with annotated index.
Ahmad Karbotly - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXIX
International relationship of Ebla Kingdom in the XXIV century B.C.
The main objective of this research project is to understand the operating mechanism of an important state like Ebla and the relations of a capital city with its surrounding area. The study is based on the texts of the royal archive of the XXIV century. B.C of which will be analyzed in depth the politic, diplomatic, commercial relations with some of the kingdoms which were linked by alliance with Ebla, studying all the movements of goods, people, itineraries, etc. At the end of the research I hope to propose a localization of many sites with an actual tell and to have a better understanding of the real extension of the territory controlled by Ebla, creating a geographical map of it.
Giuseppe Petrantoni - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXIX
Corpus of Bilingual Aramaic Nabataean-Greek Inscriptions. Close Examination of the Onomastics and Problems of the Reconstruction of the Nabataean Phonological System.
The research field of the Doctorate dissertation deals with the creation of a corpus of bilingual Aramaic Nabataean-Greek inscriptions. The study arises from the absence, at the present moment, of a collection including the above-mentioned epigraphs from Mediterranean and Near Eastern areas from the I century B.C. to the III century A.D. This allows to analyse the lexical and morphosyntactic aspects of the two languages (Nabataean and Greek) and to examine the cultural (social, political and religious) exchanges between the North-West Semitic and Hellenic societies.
Eventually, the most relevant part of the research concerns the comparative analysis of the Nabataean and Greek onomastics, attested in the bilingual inscriptions, and the investigation of the Nabataean onomastics in monolingual inscriptions, in order to reconstruct the phonetic of the Nabataean Aramaic.
Antonio Carnevale - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXX
The eastern border of the Hittire Empire
The research project tackles the reconstruction of the geography, policy and economical organization of the eastern part of the Hittite empire from its birth to the fall. The first part of the work will attempt to the geographical reconstruction through the investigation of the texts in which selected toponyms are found and thanks to the fundamental aid of the archaeological datas. This task will be significantly helped by the analysis of the terrain map, the known roads of later periods and the toponymy continuity. Once this information will be obtained, the project will focus on the economical and productive distinctiveness of the investigated area and the features of the socio-political entities that inhabited it."
Annunziata Di Rienzo - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXX
Holiness and Power in Syriac Hagiographic Collections
The documentary basis of the project is a selection of Lives of saints preserved in a number of Syriac hagiographic collections. My purposes are: to study the relationship between holiness and political power as it emerges in these texts; to identify the reason why and how the analysed collections were gathered; to product editions and translations of some unpublished Lives. The focus on the hagiographic collections will allow a better understanding of the individual hagiographical texts, as they are not stand-alone elements, but an integral part of a combination of texts, whose significance is to be discovered and verified.
Farangis Darvishi - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXXI
A comprehensive survey on Dēnkard IX
The Dēnkard, is one of the most important books written in Pahlavi in 3rd and 4th centuries Hegira. Originally Dēnkard consists of nine books. Dēnkard IX is the last section containing an account of three Avestan nasks, Sūdgar, Varštmānsar, and Bay. The most complete manuscript is Ms B (1659). Dresden in 1966 published a facsimile of manuscript B. Others manuscript are, K43a, K43. Dēnkard IX is written in a difficult style leading researchers to encounter serious problems while translating the text. My research project is done aiming at conducting a precise comparison of words and expressions used in manuscript B and K43b with that of Pahlavi Yasna.
Zhaleh Nayebossadrian - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXXI
Funeral Rites in Zoroastrian and Islamic Resources" by the third century AH (912 AD)"
It is evident that, there are some rules and ceremonies before and after burying a dead body in every religion such as Islam and Zoroastrianism, which naturally have some differences as well as similarities. Generally the before-burying ceremonies are including: bathing, enshrouding, escorting a funeral and finally burying. Which were mostly dissimilar. "Sagdid" is a good illustration of Zoroastrian funeral rites in the past. Moreover, there are some after-burying customs are held for a recently departed like "Hafta" amongst the Islamic ceremonies and "Daha" a Zoroastrian one.Undoubtedly, researching on today Zoroastrian funeral rites and their differences with the past can be effective to accomplish the subject.
Valeria Tappeti - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXXI
The monumental tombs of the Asasif from the 25th-26th Dynasties, between «cultural archive» and place of worship
The monumental tombs, or Grabpalasten, of the Asasif valley, Thebes, from the 25th-26th Dynasties show selected excerpts of ancient funerary texts, from the Pyramid Texts to the Amduat.
The current research aims to study the decorative programme of these tombs: these texts and their associated scenes were not merely copied but also edited and they are repeated in several of these tombs. The editing of these texts, especially of the Book of the Dead, reveals the use of Musterbucher, arguably from temple archive, and also of the direct copy. Furthermore, the function of the Grabpalasten as «cultural archive» is probably bear out by the appeal to the wise inscribed in Padiamenope TT 33.
Guido Venturini - Curriculum Filologia del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXXI
The contribution of the Syriac translations to the editions of Greek hagiographical texts and their acknowledgement in the field of Eastern Christianity: The Syriac Life of John the Merciful.
The research project proposes a systematic study of the Syriac translation of an important work in the Byzantine hagiographical literature from the first centuries, the Life of John the Merciful, patriarch of Alexandria, originally written in Greek in the VII century by Leontios of Neapolis.
The Syriac Life of John the Merciful consists of a rather free translation, which moves away remarkably from the text preserved in the Greek codices. This version seems to reflect an ancient phase of the Greek text, therefore a systematic study results to be inevitable, given its possible contribution to the critical edition of the Greek text.
Furthermore, this version reveals to be particularly interesting for the comprehension of the dynamics of a Byzantine hagiographical work’s reception in the context of Eastern Christianity, especially in that of Syriac Monophysitism.
Flavia Pacelli - Curriculum Filologie del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo XXXII
Study perspectives on culture material in the light of epigraphic sources: sculpture and craftsmanship in the neo-assyrian period
The current research aims to investigate different types of epigraphic sources of the Neo-Assyrian period to provide a complete study concerning sculpture evidences and craftsmenship, by means a cross-study of the same documents. Processes, events and conditions related to such productions will be analyzed. At the same time, this study will focus on identification and a full investigation into craftsman and active workers. The main starting point for this research will be identified in the Neo-Assyrian letters corpus and then proceeding with the study of Royal Inscriptions, lexical lists and all several sources might be essential for the purpose of achieving the expected results.
Anna Salsano - Curriculum: Filologie del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo: XXXII
The role of the archangels Michael and Raphael in Coptic tradition
The project aims to study the textual sources in Coptic, both literary and documentary, concerning the archangels Michael and Raphael, between the fourth and the eleventh centuries. The systematic collection of such sources and the analysis of texts of different types (such as private documents, prayers, inscriptions and literary works) will allow understanding the functions of both the archangels in Coptic tradition and the spreading of their worship at the regional and local level.
Elena Urzì - Curriculum: Filologie del Vicino e Medio Oriente Ciclo: XXXII
La farmacopea egizia. Fonti testuali, iconografiche e archeologiche sull’utilizzo dei rimedi naturali
By means of literary and documentary texts dating back to the New Kingdom (1550 – 1069 B.C c.), the project aims to analyse the use of natural remedies by the ancient Egyptians. In particular, raw materials will be collected and possible rituals that involve their use in the tradition of herbal medicine will be studied. In this way, an attempt will be made to highlight the importance and role of each ingredient and the possible reasons that led to the decision to use specific ingredients rather than others. At the same time, the role of the pharmacist will also be study, in order to verify how this figure evolved over time.