SESSION 7

BETWEEN THE ATLANTIC AND THE MEDITERRANEAN: INTERSECTED PERSPECTIVES ON LUSITANIA

Organised by: Cristina Corsi and Victorino Mayoral

In the past decades, the conventional equation between ancient Lusitania and modern Portugal, rooted in the state of the art since the publication of the book by Jorge de Alarção (O Portugal Romano 1974, Roman Portugal 1988), penalised our understanding of the geo-historical milieu of the Roman province.

Indeed, when compared to the strong characterisation of other Hispanic regions such as Andalusia or coastal Tarraconensis, for Lusitania we still miss a general framework for many aspects of archaeological research.

However, as the recent exhibition of Mérida (“Lusitania Romana”) proved, the time is ripe for a new season of research. Therefore, the aim of this session will be to bring together scholars working on these themes, bridging the gap between Spanish and Portuguese scholarship and broadening the horizon to several international projects that have been recently carried out. The main goal is to contextualise the Lusitanian data in the wider context of the Roman Hispaniae.

Lusitania is characterised by a wide diversification of geographical assets, ranging from the dry, inner lands of Spanish Extremadura to the meadows of Algarve, from the rocky coasts to the sandy river mouths, from the pasturelands of Alentejo to the granite mountain ranges of the Sierras Centrales Extremeñas. The hydrographic network designs the most important penetration routes and gives the imprint to the settlements patterns. The large availability of very different resources (ranging from food to minerals and stones) triggered very interesting economic dynamics and promoted the exchange much beyond the Iberian Peninsula.

The sessions will focus on urban and rural landscapes, on trades and exchanges, on networks and communication, on spatial and material characterization of settlements and on settlement dynamics.

Los centros monumentales en las ciudades romanas de la Lusitania, Pedro Mateos Cruz

On the walls of Lusitanian towns: their meaning and functions, Adriaan De Man

The finis terrae of the Roman Empire? Diet and animal husbandry in Lusitania in the context of the Iberian Peninsula and beyond, Silvia Valenzuela-Lamas

“Roman Port Systems”: on the efficiencies of the Lusitanian maritime economy, Felix Teichner 

Lusitania in the context of Roman globalization, Carlos Fabião

Trading ornamental stone in central Lusitania, Devi Taelman