Organised by: Christiane Nowak and Ralf Bockmann

In the proposed session, the leading question concerns the formation of settlement topographies in relation to regionally available resources and the role these played specifically for the provision of different settlement types and for the formation of urban centers. “Resource” will be understood here not only as a naturally available good, but also in its form as refined product created locally from these available goods. Furthermore, we will take artistic and cultural products into consideration that can be related to local resource management in the broadest sense and influenced the way settlements were created and perceived. “Resources” are therefore understood rather from a functional viewpoint.

The papers in this session will examine how regions evolved and their settlement density grew and shrunk during different periods. It is presumed that these transformations that are archaeologically clearly visible are often related to the access of resources. The monumentalisation of settlements, the import of precious materials and the application of new architectural models generally demands access to considerable resources. These phenomena will be examined from a historical point of view.

Looking at several regions in different chronological contexts, we seek to have a broad range of case studies available to better understand how settlement topographies and resource management were interrelated in different regional and chronological settings. The area covered in this session spans from the Iberian Peninsula over Italy and North Africa to Asia Minor between the Roman Republic period to the late Roman epoch. The micro regions studied in this session will be analyzed regarding their specific strategies in resource management and the respective results of these strategies. The leading questions of this session are approached in the studied micro regions with different methodologies, from archive studies over surveying to remote sensing and GIS studies.

Infrastructure, Agriculture, Production, and Consumption in the Pergamon Micro-Region: Continuities and Changes in the Use of Landscape and Resources, Felix Pirson and Daniel Knitter

Resource management and settlement topographies in late Roman Tripolitania - Preliminary results of a remote sensing project, Ralf Bockmann

Roman Resource Cultures: The Use of Resources and its Impact on socio-cultural Dynamics in Roman North Africa, Frerich Schön

Römische Städte und ihre Wirtschaftsgrundlagen in Hispanien am Beispiel Muniguas, Thomas Schattner

Regional Solutions in the Building of Roman Farms and Productive Villas in Central Italy (2nd Century BC to 2nd Century AD), Michael Feige

La cultura ellenistica come “risorsa”: il caso di Benevento,Alessandra Avagliano and Christiane Nowak